The availability of inexpensive computers and the
popularity of the World Wide Web ("Web") have
encouraged the development of inexpensive, readily
available software that enable secure financial
transactions over the Web. This same "e-commerce"
technology consisting of database-backed web sites,
web-based forms, secure communications and digital
signatures can be used for securely reporting and
sharing sensitive infortion about communicable
diseases and outbreaks to public health entities
throughout the United States.
William P. Malloy and Latanya Sweeney. Electronic Disease Surveillance and Reporting: the eReport System. Proceedings, Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA). Washington, DC: Hanley & Belfus, Inc. Nov 2001; 964. (PDF).